Policing Through Technology (2024)

Policing Through Technology (1)

Within the next three years, Jamaica Constabulary Force (JCF) personnel will be using more technological solutions in their daily operations in a bid to reduce incidents of crime and their likely occurrence.

Some of the technology-based software tools being developed, which should become fully operational by 2021, include: Jampol Stats; JCF Docs application; the QR Code; and Station Records Management System.

These are designed to support the National Security Ministry’s focus on situational prevention under the comprehensive five-pillar crime prevention and reduction strategy.

The Ministry’sSenior Director, Modernization Initiatives and Strategic Projects, Arvel Grant, tells JIS News that Jampol Stats will overlay the JCF’s historical statistics on a geographic information system (GIS) map of Jamaica.

A GIS is designed to capture, store, analyse, manage, and present spatial or geographic data.

He says this is being integrated with other socioeconomic and critical data that will help with research, to enable more predictive and preventative policing.

“It will also be a performance management system, so thatthey can zoom in on the crime and other relevant details, not just in a police division, but (at the) street and community levels and do comparisons over the years. That is one of the main (aspects) of the e-policing system,” he outlines

Mr. Grant says the JCF Docs application is a database of all the documents police officers may need in the field. These include a book of rules, the Laws of Jamaica, and the Use of Force guidelines.

Policing Through Technology (2)

“Overall, (it will) empower the police officers so they have access to that critical organisational information at any time and on any internet-connected device. The idea behind this is to give them access to information, and allow them to increase their knowledge and make better decisions in the field,” he informs.

Mr. Grant says QR Code, which has been rebranded smart phone policing, will, among other things, allow officers to retrieve information while they are in the field. This, he points out, will facilitate better situational awareness and overall information to guide their activities.

“With this application, when they are out in the field, whether they are on patrol or investigating, they can collect data, (including) GIS-related data, mapping where exactly the incident took place; that is a portal into Jampol Stats. So the data that is collected, pictures that are taken, any type of data that can be collected from the smart phone will then be fed directly into the Jampol Stats platform to give a better overall analysis,” the Senior Director adds.

Mr. Grant says the Station Records Management System is geared towards organizing police data in electronic format.

He notes that there are several processes within the operations of a typical police station and the wider JCF, which are currently paper-based for various reasons.

“The station records management is computerising all of that… putting into electronic format all the data that is related to management. These include (officers) assigned to patrol, information gathered while on patrol, and attendance and duty registers,” he expounds.

Mr. Grant advises that training will be provided for members in the effective use of features, such as the Station Record Management System. He adds that others, like the JCF Docs and QR Codes, “will depend on where they (officers) are tasked within the police force.”

The Senior Director says the Ministry recognises the complexity of criminality in the 21stcentury and is, therefore, taking a technologically-driven approach to arrest the issue while revolutionising policing in Jamaica.

He further points out that significant research and benchmarking was undertaken to analyse how the JCF operates and the type of technology-based tools being used locally and internationally.

Mr. Grant tells JIS News that the applications, which are being developed by a number of the JCF’s members, will be rolled out incrementally.

“These projects are high priority and the persons working on them… have been very committed and are all on board in terms of getting these tools to a space that they are out there in the field and are readily being utilised right throughout the JCF,” he states.

Mr. Grant further notes that the solutions are expected to assist in linking criminals to the crimes they have committed, and anticipates that this will be particularly effective where criminals have been migrating from one police division to another.

“Paper based records are (challenging in performing) a timely and effective analysis. Therefore putting the information into a computer-based system will allow us to track that type of criminality, even where it migrates,” he points out.

The Senior Director adds that: “the overall goal is the reduction of all crimes; and the way that these technology-based software and tools will achieve that is to focus on the deployment of the policing resources to where crimes are occurring and, importantly, to where they are likely to occur. That type of analysis will allow us to establish the trend over time and be more preventative.”

Some technological solutions already being used by the Ministry include the ‘Stay Alert’ application, ‘JamaicaEye’ initiative, and ‘WhatsApp’.

The Stay Alert crime-fighting mechanism has a panic mode which, when activated, notifies the police that the user is in an emergency situation and requires assistance. It also facilitates the reporting of incidents.

The app, which was launched in February 2015, is free of cost and has over 130,000, downloads.

The JCF started using WhatsApp to tackle the sexual exploitation of children via social media. The number is 876-564-6840.

JamaicaEye will network all closed-circuit television(CCTV)cameras owned by the Ministry as well as accommodate feeds from private operators.

Policing Through Technology (2024)


How has technology affected policing? ›

One of the most significant ways technology has improved policing is through communication and coordination. The police radio was first used in 1933, and since then communication technology has advanced significantly within the realm of public safety industries.

How do police use technology to solve crime? ›

Integrating tools like live-streaming cameras, license plate-reading cameras, gunshot-detection systems, drones and other technology allows law enforcement to do something that hasn't been possible in the past: be extremely precise. This is why real-time crime centers are becoming so important.

What is a primary concern in using new technology for policing? ›

Privacy remains a central ethical concern in the use of AI for policing.

What is the problem being solved by utilizing more technologies in policing? ›

Preventing Crime

Effective law enforcement helps reduce crime rates. As such, technologies designed to help law enforcement prevent crime rely on AI and machine learning to predict when and where crimes are likely to occur.

What are the disadvantages of police technology? ›

It may make policing more cost-effective and efficient by guiding law enforcement to direct their efforts where crime is most likely to occur. Cons: Concerns about predictive policing software range from inadequate transparency from law enforcement agencies to the potential for racial bias influencing police actions.

How has technology helped reduce crime? ›

The incorporation of technology has fundamentally transformed how law enforcement combats criminal activities. Artificial intelligence, predictive policing, social media forensics, and facial recognition are arming law enforcement with the tools they need to continue fighting crime in a digital era.

What are the 4 major issues in policing? ›

  • 6.5 Current Issues in Policing. ...
  • 1 Officer-Involved Shootings. ...
  • 2 Use of Force and Vehicle Pursuits. ...
  • 3 Stereotypes and Bias-Based Policing. ...
  • 4 Disparities and Racism in Policing Communities of Color. ...
  • 5 Body Cameras. ...
  • 6 Mental Health. ...
  • 7 Controlled Substances.

Why is information technology important in policing? ›

Technology is transforming police work with new tools to fight crime (plus, new categories of crime to fight). To put it simply, technology in policing is here to stay. Alongside the shifts these advancements have brought, new tech also has the potential to make both responders and the general public safer.

What are some of the challenges of policing the Internet? ›

Answer and Explanation: Challenges associated to trying to make rules for online content are various. The main ones are related to who has the final say and how to avoid censorship, propaganda, and the spread of false information. Defamation is also a challenge.

Which example of future technology poses a possible concern for police officials? ›

One of the more controversial emerging police technologies involves the use of facial recognition software. When this tool first made its way into law enforcement repertoires, many were concerned that it would be used unethically.

How does technology assist with police accountability? ›

Body-Worn Cameras for Accountability

The adoption of body-worn cameras has been a significant step towards transparency and accountability in policing. This technology not only provides valuable evidence but also promotes trust in the community by ensuring that interactions with law enforcement are recorded.

How technology has become an indispensable tool for law enforcement? ›

Today's officers have instant access to dispatchers, critical data, GPS, and police records at their fingertips. These mobile technologies have significantly improved officer safety, productivity, situational awareness, and public safety.

What are some technological advancements taking place in law enforcement? ›

Now, in addition to facial recognition and DNA, there is an ever-expanding array of biometric (and behavioral) characteristics being utilized by law enforcement and the intelligence community. These include voice recognition, palmprints, wrist veins, iris recognition, gait analysis and even heartbeats.

How does AI affect law enforcement? ›

Digital Analysis. Law enforcement, specifically, utilizes AI through video and image analysis. Current technology allows police to go beyond simply identifying people and objects. It allows them to detect complex accident and crime scenes—both while in progress and after the fact.

What is the latest technology used by police? ›

These technologies are not just tools; they are the pillars of modern law enforcement, reshaping strategies, operations, and the very nature of police work.
  • Biometrics. ...
  • Thermal Imaging. ...
  • Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning. ...
  • Automatic License Plate Recognition (ALPR) ...
  • Handheld Lasers. ...
  • Gunshot Detection System.

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